Polyherbal eco-friendly technology can combat tick infestation in dairy animals
A formulation consisting of herbal ingredients like Neem (Azadirachta indica) and Nagod (Vitex negundo) has been found to be effective in combatting tick infestation among dairy animals. Farmers who depend on dairy animal production are compounded by livestock ailments like tick infestation. These external parasites are found widely in cattle sheds across all geographical regions and proliferate rapidly. This causes tick worry, loss of appetite among animals causing reduction in milk production, thereby lessening farmers’ income. These parasites are vectors of systemic protozoan infection, threat to dairy animal health & productivity.
Presently, farmers rely on chemical acaricides that are costly, have to use recurrently due to nature of parasites. This raises input costs, and seldom farmers, particularly small, marginal farmers, get rid of this vicious cycle of seeking chemical acaricide.
Responding to the urgent requirement to develop suitable intervention measures in combating external parasites and to reduce the input cost, The National Innovation Foundation (NIF) -India, an autonomous body of the Department of Science & Technology, has developed, standardised a formulation comprising common herbal ingredients like Neem (Azadirachta indica) and Nagod (Vitex negundo). These medicinal trees are widely known among indigenous communities, common part of medicinal system in treatment of various ailments.
The formulation is easy to prepare and effective against hard tick infestation and Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) Sp. the etiological parasite in cattle.
Studies conducted at Gandhinagar district, Gujarat, demonstrated efficacy against hard tick infestation. The collaborative activity of NIF with Veterinary College, Palampur Himachal Pradesh held at Kangra district found similar percent efficacy against Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) Sp. the etiological parasite. The interface with Pune Zilha Sahakari Dudh Utpadak Sangh Maryadit, popularly called Katraj Dairy, Pune helped to undertake front line demonstration of farmer-friendly technology at Daund, Shirur, and Purandar taluka’s of Pune district, and capacity-building activities were undertaken. Farmers themselves can develop the formulation at the farm field. The functional efficacy, easy mode of preparation, and known practices assisted farmers to take note of this technology. This helped add value to local health traditions, strengthen inherent abilities, lessen dependence on institutional health systems, and benefit from knowledge system(s).
Subsequently, the dairy union started training dairy farmers to reduce the treatment cost and lessen the risk in reoccurrence of parasites. Maharashtra Animal and Fishery Sciences University, College of Veterinary Science, Palampur, Himachal Pradesh, College of Veterinary Science, Hassan, Karnataka has also recommended this in situ model of alternative technology for scaling up in the respective state.
Formation of suitable partnerships with institutions helped in expanding the availability of technology among dairy farmers in wider region. Demonstrations were held with the support of ICAR- National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal that resulted in systemic evaluation, transfer of knowledge in Haryana. With these efforts, the technology was recommended as package of practice through field evaluation. Paraextension staffs were trained by ICAR-Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Tamil Nadu Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Kalasamuthiram, Kallakurichi district of Tamil Nadu. The institution had popularized the technology with the support of the Regional Joint Director, Dept of Animal Husbandry, Govt. of Tamil Nadu.
To prepare the formulation, about 2.5 kilogram fresh leaves of neem are collected and kept in 4 litre lukewarm water. Similarly, about one kilogram fresh leaves of nagod is collected and kept in two litre lukewarm water. These medicines are kept in lukewarm water for at least an hour. Afterward, the preparation is allowed to cool under normal room temperature overnight. Each preparation’s supernatant liquid (crude extract) is collected and stored. These individual crude extracts of neem, nagod have to be mixed in the ratio of 3:1 (Limbada/Neem: Nagod/Monks pepper) as per requirement. This stock solution can be mixed in 3.6 litre of normal water for usage.
NIF’s polyherbal medication was found to demonstrate efficacy in field conditions and the development of technology-based on resources available in front of farm fields. The popularization measures were held with the support of inter-institutional government cooperation for advancing technology to needy farmers.
I enjoy reading a post that can make men and women think. Also, thank you for allowing for me to comment!
I’m so happy to read this. This is the kind of manual that needs to be given and not the accidental misinformation that’s at the other blogs. Appreciate your sharing this best doc.
Simply wanna admit that this is invaluable, Thanks for taking your time to write this.
I’m so happy to read this. This is the kind of manual that needs to be given and not the random misinformation that is at the other blogs. Appreciate your sharing this best doc.
It’s awesome in favor of me to have a site, which is beneficial in favor of my know-how. thanks admin
I quite like reading through a post that will make people think. Also, thanks for permitting me to comment!
Thanks for any other informative web site. The place else may just I am getting that kind of info written in such an ideal means? I’ve a project that I am just now operating on, and I’ve been at the glance out for such info.
Heya i’m for the primary time here. I came across this board and I to find It really helpful & it helped me out much. I am hoping to present something again and aid others such as you aided me.
I really like what you guys are usually up too. Such clever work and coverage! Keep up the excellent works guys I’ve added you guys to my personal blogroll.
Whoah this weblog is great i like studying your posts. Stay up the great paintings! You recognize, many persons are looking around for this information, you could help them greatly.
Highly descriptive blog, I enjoyed that a lot. Will there be a part 2?
It’s awesome for me to have a site, which is beneficial for my experience. thanks admin
Very descriptive blog, I enjoyed that a lot. Will there be a part 2?
I am very happy to read this. This is the type of manual that needs to be given and not the random misinformation that’s at the other blogs. Appreciate your sharing this best doc.
Hello! I’ve been following your blog for a while now and finally got the courage to go ahead and give you a shout out from New Caney Tx! Just wanted to tell you keep up the fantastic work!
I love looking through a post that can make men and women think. Also, thank you for allowing for me to comment!
It’s amazing for me to have a web site, which is beneficial designed for my experience. thanks admin
Heya i am for the first time here. I found this board and I to find It truly useful & it helped me out a lot. I am hoping to present one thing again and help others like you aided me.
I reckon something really interesting about your site so I saved to fav.
I love what you guys are usually up too. This type of clever work and reporting! Keep up the good works guys I’ve included you guys to my personal blogroll.
Whoah this blog is fantastic i like reading your posts. Stay up the great paintings! You know, lots of individuals are searching round for this info, you can help them greatly.
Very nice post. I just stumbled upon your weblog and wanted to say that I’ve truly enjoyed surfing around your blog posts. After all I will be subscribing to your rss feed and I hope you write again very soon!
I will right away grab your rss feed as I can not find your email subscription link or e-newsletter service. Do you’ve any? Please let me know so that I could subscribe. Thanks.
Along with every thing which appears to be developing inside this specific area, many of your perspectives are somewhat refreshing.
“tradeKey” is a Australia B2B marketplace where sellers meet buyers. tradekey is a website that offers products for only online stores.